Early Closing time: 3:00 pm

The Battle of Chickamauga, fought from September 18 – 20, 1863 between Union and Confederate forces in the American Civil War, marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia. It was the first major battle of the war fought in Georgia, the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater and involved the second-highest number of casualties after the Battle of Gettysburg.

The battle was fought between the Army of the Cumberland under Major General William Rosecrans and the Confederate Army of Tennessee under General Braxton Bragg, and was named for Chickamauga Creek, which meanders near the battle area in northwest Georgia.

Richey

William E. Richey

Rank: Corporal
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company A, 15th Ohio Cavalry
Action Place: Chickamauga, Georgia
(September 19, 1863)
Born: June 1, 1841, Athens County, Ohio
Citation: While on the extreme front, between the lines of the combatants single-handed he captured a Confederate major who was armed and mounted.
reed

Axel H. Reed

Rank: Sergeant
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company K, 2d Minnesota Infantry
Action Place: Chickamauga, Georgia
(November 25, 1863)
Born: March 13, 1835, Hartford, Maine
Citation: While in arrest at Chickamauga, Ga., left his place in the rear and voluntarily went to the line of battle, secured a rifle, and fought gallantly during the 2-day battle; was released from arrest in recognition of his bravery. At Missionary Ridge commanded his company and gallantly led it, being among the first to enter the enemy’s works; was severely wounded, losing an arm, but declined a discharge and remained in active service to the end of the war.
hporter

Horace Porter

Rank: Captain
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Ordinance Department
Action Place: Chickamauga, Georgia
(September 20, 1863)
Born: April 15, 1837, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania
Citation: While acting as a volunteer aide at a critical moment when the lines were broken, he rallied enough fugitives to hold the ground under heavy fire long enough to effect the escape of wagon trains and batteries.
myers

George S. Myers

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company F, 101st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Chickamauga, Georgia
(September 19, 1863)
Born: Fairfield, Ohio
Citation: Saved the regimental colors by greatest personal devotion and bravery.
cilley

Clinton A. Cilley

Rank: Captain
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company C, 2d Minnesota Infantry
Action Place: Chickamauga, Georgia
(September 20, 1863)
Born: February 16, 1837 Rockingham County, New Hampshire
Citation: Seized the colors of a retreating regiment and led it into the thick of the attack.
chamberlain

Orville T. Chamberlain

Rank: Second Lieutenant
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company G, 74th Indiana Infantry
Action Place: Chickamauga, Georgia
(September 20, 1863)
Born: September 1, 1841, Leesburgh, Indiana
Citation: While exposed to a galling fire, he went in search of another regiment, found its location, procured ammunition from the men thereof, and returned with the ammunition to his own company.
cawsom

William J. Carson

Rank: Musician
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company E, 1st Battalion, 15th U.S. Infantry
Action Place: Chickamauga, Georgia
(September 19, 1863)
Born: August 30, 1840, Washington County, Pennsylvania
Citation: At a critical stage in the battle when the 14th Corps lines were wavering and in disorder, he on his own initiative bugled “to the colors” amid the 18th U.S. Infantry who formed by him and held the enemy. Within a few minutes he repeated his action amid the wavering 2d Ohio Infantry. This bugling deceived the enemy who believed reinforcements had arrived. Thus, they delayed their attack.
whitney

William G. Whitney

Rank: Sergeant
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company B
Action Place: Chickamauga, Georgia
(September 20, 1863)
Born: December 13, 1840, Allen, Michigan
Citation: As the enemy were about to charge, this officer went outside the temporary Union works among the dead and wounded enemy and at great exposure to himself cut off and removed their cartridge boxes, bringing the same within the Union lines, the ammunition being used with good effect in again repulsing the attack.
Taylor

Anthony Taylor

Rank: First Lieutenant
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company A, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry
Action Place: Chickamauga, Georgia
(September 20, 1863)
Born: October 11, 1837, Burlington, New Jersey
Citation: Held out to the last with a small force against the advance of superior numbers of the enemy.