Early Closing time: 3:00 pm

Andrews’ Raiders

On April 12, 1862, 24 volunteers from the Union Army, led by civilian scout James Andrews, commandeered a Confederate locomotive named “The General” outside of Big Shanty, Georgia (now Kennesaw) and took it northward toward Chattanooga, Tennessee – doing as much damage as possible to the vital Western and Atlantic Railroad line as they went.  Out of fuel, Andrews and his men abandoned the locomotive and scattered into the woods before being captured by Confederate troops.  All were put on trial and convicted for “acts of unlawful belligerency” or being unlawful combatants and spies.  Shortly thereafter, Andrews and seven of the Raiders were executed by hanging with the remaining held as prisoners of war. For their acts of valor in “The Great Locomotive Chase,” six members of Andrews’ Raiders were awarded the first Medals of Honor in our country’s history on March 25, 1863. Ultimately, 19 of the 24 members of Andrews’ Raiders would receive the Medal of Honor for their incredible acts of valor on that day.

These First Medals are why Chattanooga is recognized and known as the birthplace of the Medal of Honor.

Andrews Raiders Martin J Hawkins 1

Martin J. Hawkins

Rank: Corporal
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company A, 33rd Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Mercer County, Pennsylvania
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
dorsey

Daniel A. Dorsey

Rank: Corporal
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company H, 33rd Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Waterford, Virginia
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
wood

Mark Wood

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company C, 21st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: England
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
buffman

Robert Buffman

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company H, 21st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Salem, Massachusetts
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men (including two civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
wilson

John Alfred Wilson

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company C, 21st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: July 25, 1832, Columbus, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
wbrown

Wilson W. Brown

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company F, 21st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Logan County, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tract between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
woolman

John Wollam

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company C, 33d Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Hamilton, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
smith

James Smith

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company I, 2d Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Fredericksburg, Virginia
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tract between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
slavens

Samuel Slavens

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company E, 33d Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Pike County, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
Scott

John Morehead Scott

Rank: Sergeant
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company F, 21st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Stark County, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
ross

Marion A. Ross

Rank: Sergeant Major
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company B, 2nd Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: October 9, 1832, Christiansburg, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into the enemy’s territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
roberson

Samuel Robertson

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company G, 33d Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Muskingum County, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tracks between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
Reddick

William H. Reddick

Rank: Corporal
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company B, 33d Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Alabama
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tracks between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
porter

John Reed Porter

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company G, 21st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: November 14, 1838, Delaware County, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
pittenger

William Pittenger

Rank: Sergeant
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company G, 2nd Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: January 31, 1840, Knoxville, Jefferson County, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tract between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
jacob parrot

Jacob Parrott

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company K, 33d Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: July 17, 1843, Fairfield County, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
Aditional Information: Parrott was the first ever to receive the Medal of Honor for his actions in “The Great Locomotive Chase”
mason

Elihu H. Mason

Rank: Sergeant
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company K, 21st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: Wayne County, Indiana
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
knight

William J. Knight

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company E, 21st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: January 29, 1837, Apple Creek, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
picture of a recipient of medal of honor

William Bensinger

Rank: Private
Organization: U.S. Army
Company: Company G, 21st Ohio Infantry
Action Place: Georgia
(April 1862)
Born: January 14, 1840, Wayne County, Ohio
Citation: One of the 19 Medal recipients from a group of 22 men (including two civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.